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The impact of Covid-19 in indoor environments

Numbers and statistics

Numbers and statistics

ragazza che starnutisce

According to estimates by the Istituto Superiore Di Sanità (Gruppo Di Studio Nazionale Inquinamento Indoor), humans inhale between 10,000 and 20,000 litres of air per day and most of the air inhaled comes from indoor environments.

Indoor pollution is also responsible for 2.7% of the global burden of disease (Source: Global Health Risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks WHO, 2009).

In some European countries, according to the World Health Organisation, 20-30% of households have problems with damp in their homes, resulting in a 50% increase in the risk of respiratory disorders and 13% of cases of childhood asthma.

Among building-related diseases, allergic respiratory diseases are of great importance for their impact on health and their incidence is increasing throughout Europe. Asthma affects 3-8% of the European adult population, while the prevalence in the paediatric population is even higher.

Finally, it should be noted that in Italy we spend 89% of our time indoors, with values ranging from 84% to 93%.

Time spent indoors and outdoors in Europe

CIVIL
55%
WORKPLACE
33%
INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS
OUTDOOR
10%

The importance of cleaning and sanitising environments

The health emergency caused by COVID-19 in 2020 has forcefully rekindled, from the outset, the need to revise and accelerate the protocols on indoor air quality, which had been dormant due to a lack of planning and which today claim all the irresponsibility for the failure to adopt measures to prevent and assist a pandemic of this magnitude.

If it is true that the fight against the disease is affidedicated to medicine, it is equally true that the first containment measures are those related to cleaning, hygiene and sanification of environments.

In this direction, the Istituto Superiore della Sanità has published the REPORT N°5/2020 INTERIM INDICATIONS FOR THE PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS IN RELATION TO THE TRANSMISSION OF THE SARS-COV-2 VIRUS INFECTION, in which it highlights:

In the various buildings and environments in which a multiplicity of activities and functions take place (such as homes, uffici, healthcare facilities, pharmacies, parapharmacies, banks, post offices, supermarkets, airports, stations and public transport) it is useful to promote processes that enable the acquisition of health prevention behaviours and measures.

ragazzo che indossa mascherina protettiva in classe

The importance of cleaning and sanitising environments

ragazzo che indossa mascherina protettiva in classe

The health emergency caused by COVID-19 in 2020 has forcefully rekindled, from the outset, the need to revise and accelerate the protocols on indoor air quality, which had been dormant due to a lack of planning and which today claim all the irresponsibility for the failure to adopt measures to prevent and assist a pandemic of this magnitude.

If it is true that the fight against the disease is affidedicated to medicine, it is equally true that the first containment measures are those related to cleaning, hygiene and sanification of environments.

In this direction, the Istituto Superiore della Sanità has published the REPORT N°5/2020 INTERIM INDICATIONS FOR THE PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS IN RELATION TO THE TRANSMISSION OF THE SARS-COV-2 VIRUS INFECTION, in which it highlights:

In the various buildings and environments in which a multiplicity of activities and functions take place (such as homes, uffici, healthcare facilities, pharmacies, parapharmacies, banks, post offices, supermarkets, airports, stations and public transport) it is useful to promote processes that enable the acquisition of health prevention behaviours and measures.

Focus: Covid-19 and atmospheric particulate matter

Focus: Covid-19 and atmospheric particulate matter

foto coronavirus con sfondo verde

The term particulate matter refers to substances such as atmospheric dust and fine particles, which are very small in size, ranging from a few nanometres to just over 500 microns.

Several studies carried out in recent months show that traces of SARS-Cov-2 have been found in particulate matter (PM). Monitoring particulate matter in cities thus becomes an indicator for detecting outbreaks at an early stage.

The damage to the body and the environment depends on its chemical composition. If particles linger in the respiratory tract they can cause cancer and teratogenic forms of cancer, as well as the transmission of viruses and bacteria. On plants they interfere with photosynthesis, on buildings they corrode materials and reduce their lifespan.

The health blog