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How to design a central vacuum system

Dedicated support and advice to engineers, architects and surveyors for the design of central vacuum system in building construction.

Offer the best cleaning system to ensure the healthiness of your projects. Every environment needs to be cleaned throughout its life. 

costruzione edile consulenza nella progettazione Sistem Air

How to design a central vacuum system

Dedicated support and advice to engineers, architects and surveyors for the progettazione dell’impianto aspirapolvere centralizzato in building construction.

Offer the best cleaning system to ensure the healthiness of your projects. Every environment needs to be cleaned throughout its life. 

costruzione edile consulenza nella progettazione Sistem Air

Progettazione

Offrite il miglior impianto per garantire la salubrità dei vostri progetti. Every environment needs to be cleaned throughout its life. 

What is a central vacuum system?

The central vacuum system is designed to guarantee total cleaning of indoor areas and to make cleaning operations easier and more comfortable. It is composed of: a central vacuum cleaner, a tubing network located under the floor, suction points and a flexible hose. All these elements together form an integrated, practical and efficient system that brings concrete benefits to the building that houses it.

The central vacuum system is particularly suitable for use at an early stage in the planning of a house construction or renovation and is a guarantee of a healthy environment over time and low maintenance.

foto render di rete tubiera impianto Sistem Air

Pipe network

Undercurrent in floor, wall or false ceiling 

centrale aspirante installata in garage

Vacuum unit

With its power it sucks up all the dirt 

render esempio di presa aspirante installata nel muro

Vacuum inlets

Identical to the design of the civil series 

sfiato con acari espulsi all'esterno attraverso l'aspirapolvere Sistem Air

Filtered air exhaust

Micro-dust and pollutants are expelled outside

What is a central vacuum system?

The central vacuum system is designed to guarantee total cleaning of indoor areas and to make cleaning easier and more convenient.

It is composed of: a central vacuum unit, a tubing network located under the floor, vacuum inlets and a flexible hose. All these elements together form an integrated, practical and efficient system that brings concrete benefits to the building that houses it.

The central vacuum system is particularly suitable for use at an early stage in the planning of a house construction or renovation and isa guarantee of a healthy environment over time and low maintenance.

foto render di rete tubiera impianto Sistem Air

Pipe network

Undercurrent in floor, wall or false ceiling 

centrale aspirante installata in garage

Vacuum unit

With its power it sucks up dirt without dispersing it

render esempio di presa aspirante installata nel muro

Vacuum inlets

Identical to the design of the chosen civil series

sfiato con acari espulsi all'esterno attraverso l'aspirapolvere Sistem Air

Filtered air exhaust

Micro-dust is expelled outside

What is a central vacuum system?

The central vacuum system is designed to guarantee total cleaning of indoor areas and to make cleaning easier and more convenient.

foto render di rete tubiera impianto Sistem Air

Pipe
network

Super versatile: pavimento, parete o controsoffitto.

centrale aspirante installata in garage

Central vacuum
unit

Aspira lo sporco senza disperderlo nell’ambiente.

render esempio di presa aspirante installata nel muro

Vacuum
inlets

Indispensabili,
sono la porta del pulito.

sfiato con acari espulsi all'esterno attraverso l'aspirapolvere Sistem Air

Discharge

Micropolveri, batteri, acari, allergeni  vengono espulsi all’esterno

Preparation of the vacuum system

To determine the position of the vacuum inlets, the radius of action of the chosen hose must be considered.

Useful information

  1. Avoid excessive overlapping of drawn circles;

  2. Choose to place inlets on internal walls rather than on perimeter walls (so as to make full use of the length of the hose). It is not necessary to provide 1 inlet point per room;

  3. By placing a vacuum inlets in the immediate vicinity of the stairs, it is possible to clean the stairs and any adjacent landings;

  4. Thanks to the special separators, water and ash can be extracted;

  5. The vacuum inlets can be placed at the same height as the switches or the electrical inlets.

Useful information

  1. Avoid excessive overlapping of drawn circles;

  2. Choose to place inlets on internal walls rather than on perimeter walls (so as to make full use of the length of the hose). It is not necessary to provide 1 inlet point per room;

  3. By placing a vacuum inlets in the immediate vicinity of the stairs, it is possible to clean the stairs and any adjacent landings;

  4. Thanks to the special separators, water and ash can be extracted;

  5. The vacuum inlets can be placed at the same height as the switches or the electrical inlets.

Useful information

  1. Avoid excessive overlapping of drawn circles;

  2. Choose to place inlets on internal walls rather than on perimeter walls (so as to make full use of the length of the hose). It is not necessary to provide 1 inlet point per room;

  3. By placing a vacuum inlets in the immediate vicinity of the stairs, it is possible to clean the stairs and any adjacent landings;

  4. Thanks to the special separators, water and ash can be extracted;

  5. The vacuum inlets can be placed at the same height as the switches or the electrical inlets.

How to set up the system

The information needed for correct design is essential and easy to use:

With this information it is possible to proceed with the dimensioning of the pipe network, the positioning of the vacuum inlets and the choice of the central vacuum unit.

The information needed for correct design is essential and easy to use:

With this information it is possible to proceed with the dimensioning of the pipe network, the positioning of the vacuum inlets and the choice of the central vacuum unit.

render casa Sistem Air

The information needed for correct design is essential and easy to use:

With this information it is possible to proceed with the dimensioning of the pipe network, the positioning of the vacuum inlets and the choice of the central vacuum unit.

Pipe network sizing

The best performance of the system is achieved when the pipework is as short and regular as possible. In particular: 

  • If possible, the vertical riser should be constructed in a central position in the building;

  • The pipes can be positioned either on the floor, on the wall or in the ceiling.

The diameters of the individual sections of the pipe network should be dimensioned in accordance with the following diagram:

The best performance of the system is achieved when the pipework is as short and regular as possible. In particular: 

render esempio di presa aspirante installata nel muro
  • If possible, the vertical riser should be constructed in a central position in the building;

  • The pipes can be positioned either on the floor, on the wall or in the ceiling.

The diameters of the individual sections of the pipe network should be dimensioned in accordance with the following diagram:

Sizing for venting air extraction

In order to fully exploit the advantages of a central vacuum system, it is advisable to install a venting pipe to the outside, through which mites, dust and micro pollen not retained by the filter are expelled from the living environment.

If this drain is longer than 5 m, it must be laid with a pipe of a larger diameter than the one to the power station, in order to facilitate the outflow of air from the engine.

In order to fully exploit the advantages of a central vacuum system, it is advisable to install a venting pipe to the outside, through which mites, dust and micro pollen not retained by the filter are expelled from the living environment.

If this drain is longer than 5 m, it must be laid with a pipe of a larger diameter than the one to the power station, in order to facilitate the outflow of air from the engine.

Indicative air flow values

N.B. these values may vary depending on the specific characteristics of the system to be built.

Pipe sizing and use

N.B. Max. operators with ø32 mm cleaning hoses, length 7m or 9 m.

Correct choice of central vacuum unit

Standard central vacuum units

Sistem Air's range of central vacuum cleaners for civil use is able to cover all user requirements, guaranteeing the best performance with the lowest consumption and great simplicity of installation.

Tecno Prime
Tecno Star

Central vacuum units for small spaces

The central vacuum units in the vertical building range offer extraordinary installation flexibility, which makes it even easier to set them up in flats where space is limited.

centrale aspirante Style Mini Sistem Air
Tecno Style MINI
Wolly 2
Sistem Cube

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Request a quote or contact us

Request information, quotes or advice to install the Sistem Air integrated cleaning system.

Request a quote or contact us

Request information, quotes or advice to install the Sistem Air integrated cleaning system.

The new way of cleaning
you will never change

We spend over 90% of our time indoors. A central vacuum system is the only system that can guarantee indoor air quality with regular cleaning. It eliminates micro-dust, dust mites and allergens through an external vent. No conventional vacuum cleaner, broom or robot can do this.

Design or renovate your home for life. Cleaning is a constant, doing it in the most hygienic way increases the well-being of the environment.

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